Different Types of Glass and Their Uses

Glass can be made with a wide range of physical properties that will make them suitable for a wide range of purposes. You can use them in massive industrial designs and to household windows. Knowing what is used for what can help you make choices easily if you are looking at a construction and here are some of the main types of glass that can be used often.

Flat Glass

The float process of making glass gives you a basic and first product and that is known as flat glass. It has a very uniform thickness and therefore is always used as the base for making other types of glass from it through more processing and the flat glass itself is used indoors and windows in houses. This glass when broken will come off in long and sharp shards and are used very commonly in double glazing after undergoing more processing. With large-scale glass manufacturers like Barton Glass Melbourne, this flat glass is used to make windscreens, bus stop glass panels, appliances, electronics and so much more.

Toughened Glass

Used in shower doors, glass shelves and furniture, toughened glass has a very versatile nature and has a big advantage of being a lot more resistant to breaking than the first type mentioned above. The cooing process that the toughened glass is put through causes counteracting stress in the glass which also means in other words, that if it does break it breaks into small square fragments rather than the long and sharp shards which lead to a considerably reduced risk of injury. When you blast the surface of the glass with sand it provides a milk-white and opaque look that is ideal to be used in shower doors and windows for privacy but also allows for some light to come inside. You can also create patterns with this blasting method. The toughened glass is said to have been invented by in 1874 by Francois Barthelemy Alfred Royer de la Bastie.

Patterned Glass

Once again patterned glass can be seen most commonly used today indoors and bathroom windows and are made usually by passing the glass through heated rollers if a regular pattern has to be imprinted on the surface of the glass. It still allows for light while restricting the transparency which gives the person behind the glass enough privacy.

Laminated Glass

Laminated glass can be seen used in front doors, curtain walls and storefronts today. They are a very popular option in situations here additional security might be necessary. Because as the name suggests the laminated glass is held together by a layer in between or an interlayer they will not shatter upon getting an impact. Therefore any safety hazards caused by breakage will be minimized in this case. It is also really interesting to note that this type of glass was discovered completely by accident by French Chemist Edouard Benedictus who happened to knock over a flask in his lab made of glass and then realized that it has not shattered because of the residue of nitrate cellulose that had been left inside the flask.